Geography is the study of the earth’s surface, its physical features, climate and population.
“A high-quality geography education education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and it’s people.”
Aims of our Geographical education
- To develop a sense of place.
- To develop skills in investigating the physical and human features of the pupils’ surroundings.
- To develop an awareness that the world extends beyond the pupils’ surroundings.
- To develop an awareness that the world extends beyond the pupils’ own environment.
Teaching and Learning
Our children will develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They are taught to understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness.
Pupils should be taught to:
- name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans
- name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding sea
- understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country Human and physical geography
- identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles
Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:
- key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather
- key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop
Geographical skills and fieldwork:
- use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage
- use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map
- use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features;
- devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key
- use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.
Equal Opportunities and Inclusion
All pupils irrespective of ethnicity, religion, gender or ability are given equal access to the Geography curriculum where possible. Able, gifted and talented pupils will be supported through the subject developing analysis, thinking skills and evaluation techniques. Teachers will aim to be sensitive to problems linked to ethnicity and religion.